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INFORMATION DIGEST № 78

Press-service of MFA of the Republic of Uzbekistan
POLICY
President of Uzbekistan signs the Law that makes amendments to the Constitution
On April 16, 2014, President of Uzbekistan signed the Law "On amendments and additions to certain articles of the Constitution (Article 32, 78, 93, 98, 103 and 117)".
This draft law was adopted by the Legislative Chamber on 27 March 2014 and was approved by the Senate on April 10, 2014.
The Law has made amendments and additions to the Articles 32, 78, 93, 98, 103 and 117 of the Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan. In particular, in the new edition of the Constitution, these articles will be set forth as follows:
(The additions are in bold)
Article 32 (Chapter VIII. Political Rights)
All citizens of the Republic of Uzbekistan shall have the right to participate in the management and administration of public and state affairs, both directly and through representation. They may exercise this right by way of self-government, referendums and democratic formation of state bodies, as well as through development and improvement of public control over the activities of state authorities.
The procedure for exercising public control over the activity of state bodies is determined by law.
Article 78 (Chapter XVIII. Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan), paragraph 21:
21) exercising parliamentary control and other powers specified by the present Constitution.
Article 93 (Chapter XIX. President of the Republic of Uzbekistan), paragraph 7:
previously:
7) present to the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan annual reports on major matters of social and economic life, home and foreign policies of the country.
In the new edition:
7) has the right to appeal to the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan on major matters of domestic and foreign policy of the country.
Article 93 (Chapter XIX. President of the Republic of Uzbekistan), paragraph 8:
8) form the office of executive authority and direct it; ensure interaction of the supreme bodies of authority and administration of the Republic; form and abolish ministries, state committees and other bodies of state administration submitted by the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Uzbekistanwith subsequent submission of decrees on these matters for approval by the chambers of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan.
Article 93 (Chapter XIX. President of the Republic of Uzbekistan), paragraph 10:
10) represent for consideration and approval by the chambers of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan a nominee of the Prime Minister of the Republic of Uzbekistan and relieve him of his post in case of resignation, no-confidence vote for the Prime Minister adopted by the chambers of the Oliy Majlis , or in other cases provided by law.
Article 93 (Chapter XIX. President of the Republic of Uzbekistan), paragraph 16:
16) suspend and repeal acts passed by bodies of state administration, as well as khokims in case of their non-compliance to the norms of law has the right to preside over meetings of the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Uzbekistan
Article 93 (Chapter XIX. President of the Republic of Uzbekistan), paragraph 24:
24) nominate and relieve the Chairman of the National Security Service of his post with the subsequent submission of decrees on these matters for approval by the Senate of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan. (The part "forms the National Security Service of the Republic of Uzbekistan" was excluded)
Article 98 (Chapter XX. The Cabinet of Ministers)
Fully presented in the new edition, according to which the Cabinet of Ministers:
1) shall be responsible for conducting effective economic, social, financial, monetary policy, development and implementation of programs for the development of science, culture, education, healthcare and other sectors of the economy and the social sphere;
2) shall implement measures to protect the economic, social and other rights and legitimate interests of citizen;
3) shall coordinate and direct the work of state and economic management bodies, and ensure control over their activities in accordance with the law;
4) shall provide the implemen¬tation of laws of the Republic of Uzbekistan, decisions of the Oliy Majlis, decrees, resolutions and ordinances of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan;
5) shall present to the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan annual reports on major matters of social and economic life of the country;
6) shall exercise other powers stipulated by the present Constitution and laws of the Republic of Uzbekistan.
The Cabinet of Ministers within the constitutional norms in accordance with the current legislation shall issue resolutions and ordinances binding on all bodies, enterprises, institutions, organizations, officials and citizens on the entire territory of the Republic of Uzbekistan.
The Cabinet of Ministers, in its work, shall be responsible before the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan and the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan. (President and the Oliy Majlis changed places)
The Cabinet of Ministers shall tender its resignation to the newly-elected Oliy Majlis, but continues to operate until the formation of the new Cabinet of Ministers in accordance with the decision of the President.
The Prime Minister of the Republic of Uzbekistan:
1) shall organize and direct the activity of the Cabinet of Ministers being responsible for efficiency of his work;
2) shall preside at sitting of the Cabinet of Ministers, sign its decisions ;
3) represent the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Uzbekistan in international relations. (the words "upon the nomination of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan " have been removed)
4) shall exercise other functions stipulated by laws of the Republic of Uzbekistan. (words “decrees, resolutions and ordinances of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan” have been removed)
The nominee of the Prime Minister of the Republic of Uzbekistan shall be proposed by a political party that obtains the most deputy seats in the elections to the Legislative Chamber of the Oliy Majlis, or by several political parties that obtain equally highest number of seats.
The President of the Republic of Uzbekistan, after considering the nominee for the post of the Prime Minister, within ten days, shall offer for consideration and approval to the chambers of the Oliy Majlis.
The nominee for the post the Prime Minister, upon consideration and approval of his nominee in the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan, shall present the program of action of the Cabinet of Ministers for short and long term.
The nominee of the Prime Minister shall be deemed approved if it collects more than half of the total number of votes of the Legislative Chamber and the Senate of the Oliy Majlis, respectively.
Members of the Cabinet of Ministers shall be approved by the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan upon nomination by the Prime Minister.
The issue of the vote of no confidence to the Prime Minister shall be introduced for discussion to the joint session of the Oliy Majlis Chambers In case of stable contradictions between the Prime Minister of the Republic of Uzbekistan and the Legislative Chamber of Oliy Majlis of Uzbekistan, on the proposal officially submitted to the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan by the deputies of the Legislative Chamber in the number not less than one third of the total.
A no-confidence vote to the Prime Minister shall be deemed adopted if it receives vote of at least two-thirds of the total number of the deputies of the Legislative Chamber and the Senate of the Oliy Majlis, respectively. In this case the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan shall decide on the dismissal of the Prime Minister from office. The entire Cabinet of Ministers resigns together with the Prime Minister.
The new nominee of the Prime Minister for consideration and approval of the chambers of the Oliy Majlis of Uzbekistan shall be proposed by the President after consultation with all the political parties represented in the Legislative Chamber of the Oliy Majlis.
In the case of double rejection by the Oliy Majlis of the nominee for the post of Prime Minister, the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan shall appoint an Acting Prime Minister and shall dissolve the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan.
The Order of organization of the activity and competence of the Cabinet of Ministers are determined by the law.
Article 103 (Chapter XXI. Fundamental Principles of Local Bodies of State Authority):
The khokim of region, district, city and town shall exercise his powers in accordance with the principle of one-man management and shall bear personal responsibility for decisions and actions of bodies directed by him.
The khokim of region, district, city presents to relevant Kengash of people’s deputies the reports on important and topical issues of socio-economic development of the region, district, city, on which Kengash make relevant decisions.
The organization of the work and powers of khokims and local Kengash of people’s deputies, as well as the procedure for the elections to the local Kengash of people’s deputies shall be regulated by law.
Article 117 (Chapter XXIII. Electoral system):
The elections of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan, to the Legislative Chamber of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan and Jokargy Kenes of the Republic of Karakalpakstan, to the representative bodies of state authority in regions, districts, cities and towns shall be held accordingly on the year of expiration of the constitutional term of their powers— on the first Sunday of the third decade of December. The elections shall be held on the basis of the general, equal and direct suffrage by secret ballot. The right to elect have the citizens of the Republic of Uzbekistan who have reached eighteen years of age.
Members of the Senate of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan shall be elected by secret ballot at relevant joint sittings of deputies of Jokarghy Kenes of the Republic of Karakalpakstan, the representative bodies of state authority in regions, districts, cities and towns from among these deputies not later a monthly term after their election.
Citizens, who have been legally certified as insane, as well as persons in prisons, may neither elect nor be elected. Any other direct or indirect infringement on citizens’ voting rights shall be inadmissible.
A citizen of the Republic of Uzbekistan may not simultaneously be a deputy in more than two representative bodies of state authority.
The Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan shall form the Central Election Commission of the Republic of Uzbekistan for organization and holding of the elections of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan, of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan, as well as the referendum of the Republic of Uzbekistan, the basic principles of activity of the Central Election Commission shall be independence, legality, collegiality, openness and fairness.
The Central Election Commission of the Republic of Uzbekistan carries out its activities on a regular basis and in accordance with the Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan, the laws on elections and referendum of the Republic of Uzbekistan and other legislative acts.
Members of the Central Election Commission of the Republic of Uzbekistan shall be elected by the Legislative Chamber and the Senate of the Oliy Majlis on the recommendation of Jokargy Kenes of Karakalpakstan, regional and Tashkent city councils of people's deputies.
The Chairman of the Central Election Commission of the Republic of Uzbekistan shall be elected from among its members by the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan at the commission meeting.
The procedure for the elections shall be specified by law.

* * *

The President also signed the Law "On amendments and additions to some legislative acts of the Republic of Uzbekistan in connection with the adoption of the Law of the Republic of Uzbekistan" On amendments and additions to some articles of the Constitution (Article 32, 78, 93, 98, 103 and 117)".

The law introduces amendments, arising from amendments and additions to the Constitution, to the following laws: "On the Cabinet of Ministers", "On the Local Bodies of State Authority", "On the Senate of the Oliy Majlis of Uzbekistan", "On the Legislative Chamber of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan" "On the Regulation of the Legislative Chamber of Oliy Majlis of Uzbekistan", "On the Regulation of the Senate of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan" and "On strengthening the role of political parties in the renewal and further democratization of public governance and modernization of the country".
Both Laws have come into force starting from today.
(Source:Uzreport.uz)

ECONOMY
Industrial enterprises apply modern program complexes in Uzbekistan
In today’s world the basis of the economic system of any country is competitiveness. A country’s ability to play a prominent role in the global market depends on how its industrial sector is economical and technologically developed, how the relationship between business and public authorities is transparent, how the business environment and business climate is favorable. However, all these parameters are largely reduced to the introduction of information and communication technologies.
The modern society is permeated by information technologies and related communications solutions, without which it is simply impossible to imagine even the everyday life. Moreover, if technologies make it more comfortable and convenient, in business they act as an effective tool for competition. Uzbekistan has long been striving to become a significant player in the export market, actively implementing the program of modernization of industry, transport and engineering infrastructure. In order not to be left in the rear of our economy just need acceleration in global processes of information and communication technologies.

Therefore, in the coming years an ambitious set of measures will be implemented in Uzbekistan to accelerate the development and wide application of the real economy, IT and software products. Thanks to this, management efficiency is planned to be improved, production costs to be reduce, reliability and transparency of financial and economic activity of associations and large enterprises to be ensured, as well as their competitiveness in domestic and foreign markets to be improved.
In particular, companies and business associations hold widespread adoption of information and computer technologies and software products, mainly domestic production, in their document management, accounting and reporting, financial and economic activities, personnel management, organization of production and technological processes.

Manufacturing processes are influenced by the changes, too. It is planned to extend the use of software solutions, controlling not only quality products, but also rational use of material resources. This will greatly reduce production costs and hence products’ costs.

The Internet takes an important role, which to be uses as a convenient mechanism for sale of products in new markets. Experts estimate it will give an opportunity to significantly increase the export potential of the country.

Moreover, every year until June 1 in the country will be developed lists of new projects to further the implementation of information and communication systems and software products in the real sector to be included in the investment program. At this, joint-stock companies, associations and major industries in their annual business plans and cost estimates to impose individual items of expenditure for the implementation of IT-systems and software products, including providing training and skills development. Also, they will be put into practice quarterly financial incentives and promotion specialists participating in projects.

It is important that in introduction of modern technologies, the real economy will be guided by local developers. Late last year, the country established national registry software developers, in which there are more than 40 companies that provide services to implement the integration of information systems and software products.

Context
Corporate bodies, whose income from the development, deployment and implementation of proprietary software are not less than 50% of the total volume of the sales of theirgoods and services, are on a voluntary basis and freely included into the National Register.
(Source: “Uzbekistan Today” newspaper)

CULTURE
Historical Homeland of the Fiddle Bow
Research in musical iconography has been revived in Uzbekistan. Terracotta paintings of stringed instruments dated back to 2-6 centuries A.D. were first to draw scholars’ attention when found over the past few years. They had devices for playing in a shape of a longish plectrum.

Initial researches of Central Asian instruments were carried out in mid-to-late 20th century by the paintings made from baked clay by the Uzbek musicologists Tamara Vyzgo and Aygul Malkeeva. They studied through the archaeological material. But the holdings of museums enriched with new findings and the scholars set forth a lot new suppositions that need for further study. It was the reason to revive the researches was decided in the Institute of Art Studies of the Academy of Science of Uzbekistan.

“Yet in the past times German musicologist Werner Bachmann made a hypothesis about the fact that Central Asia is considered historical home of bowing. However the origin of this musical instrument is still unknown. This scientific issue was raised by scholars in many countries but did not elicit response from the Uzbek musical science,” says Zulfiya Muradova, Head of Department of Music Art. “New findings of Uzbek and foreign archaeologists, their study and comparison allowed, to some extent, to address the current gap.

Classic terracotta from Dalvarzin Tepa at the territory of Surkhondaryo region, found in 2003 by the archaeological expedition of our Institute, can be recognized as the most ancient picture of chordophone with the articulation device, prototype of a fiddle bow. The painting dates back 2-3 centuries A.D. in the shape of a clay figure of a sitting woman with short lute of a small pear-shaped form. Her right arm bends over the resonator, hand directs bottom up to strings. In slightly folded fingers she holds a stick with a little extended end, which reaches a wrist over a palm. Its form gives us an idea that similar stick could be used not only as usual plectrum, but also as device for back-and-forth motion on the strings.

Artifacts found at the territory of Uzbekistan give an idea that the frictional way of playing was, in all probability, formed by the settled culture and, according to dating, dates back to the late Central Asian antiquity. Using friction-sticks was conditioned with search of instrumental methods of an adequate expression of melodic nature of orient cantus monodicus without a musical accompaniment.

Similar pictures of Soghdian musicians found in China, they dated back to the 6th century A.D., e.g. the period of consolidation of a cultural and economic influence of the early Soghd. This is another proof of the fact that there was an ancient international integration that went through the Great Silk Road.

“Friction-stick is a prototype of a flat fiddle bow with loose garter made of horse hair, which was widely used until the early 20th century. It is interesting that some methods of playing of contemporary musicians on the Central Asian bow instruments are associated with the friction-stick. This may be act to prove the truthfulness of hypothesis of German scholar,” resumes Zulfiya Muradova.

(Source: “Uzbekistan Today” newspaper)